The Shevchenko Museum is home to a substantial collection of art, books, cultural artifacts, and pioneer tools and implements, representing early Ukrainian immigration to Canada. These items are distributed throughout the various galleries, exhibition spaces, and library, with the central focus being on the life, art, and literary legacy of Taras Shevchenko. The museum also houses specially-commissioned copies of Shevchenko's paintings, produced by professional artists in Ukraine.
Among the holdings are various editions of Shevchenko’s Kobzar (a small representation of the over 120 in the museum’s collection), and a philatelic collection honouring the poet.
The extensive Shevchenkiana research library, with over 1400 volumes, features copies of Shevchenko’s original poetry and prose; contemporary academic publications; books reflecting the history of his time; and works celebrating his genius. Donated by the Ukrainian collector Oleh Ovcharenko, a rare Shevchenkiana book collection constitutes a valuable segment of the museum’s ever-expanding library and archive.
Additionally, the museum has works of prominent Ukrainian artists and holds exhibitions of their work, as well as that of contemporary Ukrainian Canadian artists.